Fertilizer Interview Questions & Answers

  1. Question 1. What Is A Fertilizer?

    Answer :

    fertilizer is a chemical product either mined or manufactured material containing one or more essential plant nutrients that are immediately or potentially available in sufficiently good amounts.

  2. Question 2. What Is Group Concession Scheme Under New Pricing Scheme?

    Answer :

    Group Concession Scheme under NPS introduced from 1.402003 Under NPS, all units were classified into six groups based on vintage and the feedstock. For each group, weighted average group price was worked out excluding the outlier (RPS more than +/- 20% of group average). Each unit will get the concession rate based on the group average or the retention price, whichever is lower. Outlier units to get advantage of 50%n of the difference between the RPS and the group average for a period of three years.

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  4. Question 3. What Is The Retention Price Scheme?

    Answer :

    The Retention Price Scheme (RPS) for fertilizer Industry introduced from 1.11.1977 and remained in force till 31.3.2003. Under the RPS Retention Price was fixed for each unit by the Govt. The difference between the Retention Price of Urea and the maximum retail price of urea was paid as subsidy.

  5. Question 4. Whether Government Gives Subsidy On Freight?

    Answer :

    The Union Government subsidies the urea manufacturing units for the cost of transportation to facilitate the availability of urea at the same maximum retail price all over the country.

  6. Question 5. What Is The Procedure For Taking Action Against Units Manufacturing Sub- Standard Fertilizers?

    Answer :

    Primarily, provisions of FCC are directed towards manufacture, and sale of substances that can be used in the soil as fertilizers having the specifications as laid down there under. A manufacturer/dealer in fertilizers has to get himself registered in the State wherein he intends to carry out such activities in accordance with the conditions of FCC. The FCC apart from disallowing ales of sub-standard fertilizers but for in accordance with the procedure laid down there under for disposal of sub-standard fertilizers, it also authorised suspension or cancellation of registration/licence by the appropriate authority in the case of contravention of the FCC provisions.

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  8. Question 6. Why The States Certifies Sales Of Decontrolled Fertilizers?

    Answer :

    Concession on decontrolled P&K fertilizers is payable only on the quantities sold for agricultural purposes. Sales can be ascertained or verified from the outlet sources namely dealers/retailers and wholesalers registered under FCO. The States already have administrative field machinery for supervision and implementation of Central and State Schemes, as also ensuring compliance of provisions of FCO. Thus, the States have been given the responsibility of certifying the sales of P&K fertilizers including intimation of quantities. found sub-standard for settlement of claims for payment of concession.

  9. Question 7. How Quality Control Is Ensured For Fertilizers?

    Answer :

    The FCO has laid down fertilizer-wise detailed specifications and no fertilizer, not meeting the said specification, can be sold in the country for agricultural purposes. It also lays down detailed procedure for sampling and analysis of each fertilizer. The Central Fertilizer Quality Control & Training Institute CFQC&TI), Faridabad and its four Regional Fertilizer Control Laboratories (RFCL) under the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation (DAC) take samples of imported fertilizers at the discharge port for analysis thereof. The States also have their own State notified quality control laboratories that analyse samples taken from field (warehouses/dealers/retailers) as well as from the manufacturing plants. Based on the analysis, the labs declare samples as standard or non-standard in terms of specifications laid down in the FCO. The sub-standard quantities are arrived at as per procedure laid down in the FCO and the copies of analysis report are sent to DAC, DOF, the concerned manufacturer/importer etc.

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  11. Question 8. Can You Get Subsidy Just After Import Of Dap/mop?

    Answer :

    No, the concession is payable on sale of decontrolled P&K fertilizers including imported DAP/MOP. For the purposes of claiming concession, enlistment with DOF as an importer under the Concession Scheme is a pre-condition.

  12. Question 9. How Can I Import And Trade Dap And Mop In The Country?

    Answer :

    There is no restriction on import of DAP/MOP. For trading of DAP/MOP as fertilizers in the country, the concerned importer shall. have to obtain licence/registration under FCQ from the States/UTs where the importer proposes to sell the same. For purposes of claiming concession under the Concession Scheme, the importer shall have to . approach Deptt. of Fertilizers for being enlisted as an importer in terms of guidelines on Concession Scheme issued on 5.8.2002.

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  14. Question 10. Whether Subsidy Is Payable To Fertilizer Mixture Manufacturers?

    Answer :

    No subsidy is payable on mixture fertilizers. However, subsidy is paid on urea and decontrolled P&K fertilizers covered under the Concession Scheme if sold to the manufacturers of mixture fertilizers registered under FCO.

  15. Question 11. What Is The Difference Between The Concession Scheme And Subsidy Scheme?

    Answer :

    Urea is the only fertilizer at present with pricing and distribution being controlled statutorily by the Government. Thus, no one can sell urea above the MRP declared by the Govt. Under the Concession Scheme, the MRP for each fertilizer is indicative in nature. The manufacturers/ importers of such P&K fertilizers have to sell these at the indicative MRPs declared under the Scheme in order to meet one of the mandatory conditions for being eligible to claim thereunder. While subsidy on urea is paid on dispatch concession under the Scheme is paid on the quantities sold.

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  17. Question 12. Why Subsidy Is Not Given Directly To Farmers?

    Answer :

    The main objective of the Government is to make available fertilizers at reasonable/affordable prices for agricultural purposes including farmers. This objective is achieved through fixation of statutorily backed uniform MRP for urea and indicative MRP for fertilizers covered under the Concession Scheme on sale of decontrolled P&K fertilizers. Administratively, it is not feasible to disburse subsidy directly to farmers, which would require disbursement at the time of each. purchase and the extent thereof would depend upon the quantity and type of product purchased. Also, in such a scenario, Govt. will have to lift the price control, whether statutory or indicative, as for urea and decontrolled P&K fertilizers, respectively. Then, it would be the market forces that would control the selling price for each product, which could be manufacturer specific as well. This could lead to disparity in actual to be borne by farmers in different regions of the country.

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  19. Question 13. Why Government Is Giving Subsidy On Fertilizers?

    Answer :

    The Government is subsidising fertilizers for their availability at reasonable prices for agricultural purposes.

  20. Question 14. What Is The Selling Price Of Fertilizers?

    Answer :

    Urea is the only fertilizer with statutorily controlled price & movement. the Concession Scheme on sale of phosphatic and potassic (P&K) fertilizers provides for indicative Maximum Retail Price declared by Department of Fertilizers at which these fertilizers are to be sold. MRP for Single Super Phosphate under the Scheme is declared by the respective State/UT Government. These MRPs can be viewed on this site.

  21. Question 15. How Can You Take Dealer License For Trading In Fertilizers?

    Answer :

    The procedural requirements are detailed in Clause 8 of FCO. Application has to be made in Form A/ Al to Controller of Fertilizers of the concerned State/UT for obtaining registration/license as Industrial Dealer in fertilizers or dealer in fertilizers for agricultural sales, respectively, along with fee prescribed under Clause 36 and certificate of source in Form O.

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  23. Question 16. What Is Fertilizer Control Order?

    Answer :

    Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 which is administered by Deptt. of Agriculture Cooperation, Govt. of India has been issued under the Essential Commodities Act, 1955. The FCO lays ,down as to what substances qualify for use as fertilizers in the soil, product-wise specifications, methods for sampling and analysis of fertilizers, procedure for obtaining license/registration as manufacture/dealer in fertilizers and conditions to be fulfilled for trading thereof, etc.

  24. Question 17. What Is Meant By The Term “balanced Fertilization”?

    Answer :

    The requirement of nutrients such as Nitrogen, Phosphate and Potash are soil and crop specific. The use of right ratio of nutrients as per soil or crop requirement is known as “balanced fertilization”.

  25. Question 18. How Chemical Fertilizers Are Different From Bio-fertilizers?

    Answer :

    Chemical fertilizers are manufactured artificially. They are primarily, chemicals having nitrogen, phosphate and potash as main soil nutrients. Bio-fertilizers are plants such as bacteria (azotobacter, rhizobium etc.), fungi etc. that fix free nitrogen from the atmosphere, which is then ‘used by the crops.

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  27. Question 19. Is There Any Expiry Date Of Fertilizers?

    Answer :

    There is no expiry date of chemical fertilizers. However, in case of imported Fertilizers, the container (bag) has. indication regarding month and year of Manufacture/import.

  28. Question 20. What Is Phosphorus?

    Answer :

    Phosphorus used in fertilizers comes from the fossilized remains of ancient marine life found in rock deposits in the U.S. and other parts of the world, or from plant and animal materials. Phosphorus helps plant health, density, and root growth. Phosphorus is the plant world’s equivalent of carbohydrates – it provides the energy that a plant needs to grow.

  29. Question 21. Which Number On The Bag Of Fertilizer Is Phosphorus?

    Answer :

    The three numbers on the label are nitrogen (AND), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K). Phosphorus-free fertilizer has a zero (0) in the middle.

  30. Question 22. Is Organic Fertilizer The Same As No Phosphorus?

    Answer :

    No. Organic fertilizer is made of natural materials. Examples of organic fertilizer include livestock manure, feather meal , blood meal, cotton seed meal, compost, etc. Organic fertilizers also contain phosphorus. In fact, even if the phosphorus number on the bag is low, often so is the nitrogen number. Turf grass managers will often recommend nitrogen numbers in the twenties (20s); therefore, if organic fertilizers with low nitrogen percentages are used, the recommended application rates (total amount applied) are often high resulting in a larger amount of phosphorus being applied than is ideal. Even low phosphorus products can add up to large loads of phosphorus depending on how much is applied.