## 30 TOP Caterpillar Aptitude Interview Questions and Answers [UPDATED]

If you’re looking for Caterpillar Aptitude Questions and whether you’re experienced or fresher & don’t know what kind of questions will be asked in Caterpillar placement job interview, then go through the below Real-Time 30 Top Caterpillar Aptitude Interview Questions and Answers to crack your job interview.

## Caterpillar Aptitude Interview Questions and Answers

• Question:A Grocer Sells Rice At A Profit Of 10% And Uses A Weight Which Is 20% Less. Find His Total Percentage Gain?

The grocer buys rice at m Rs/Kg

Then he sells at Rs (110/100)m per 80/100 Kg Or, at Rs. 110 m /100 x (100/80) per kg = 11 m / 8 per kg

Profit = 11m/8 â€“ m = 3m/8

Profit percentage = (3m/8) / m x (100) = 300/8 = 37.5%.

• Question:A Table Is Bought For Rs. 1783 And Sold At Profit Of 65 %. Find Its Selling Price?

Given, Cost price = Rs. 1783

Profit % = 65 %

Selling price = [(100 + profit%) / 100] * Cost Price

=> Selling price = [(100 + 65) / 100] * 1783

= (165 / 100) * 1783

=2941.95

Thus, Selling price of Table = Rs. 2941.95.

• Question:A Wooden Toy Is Bought For Rs. 1200 And Sold At Profit Of 20 %. Find Its Selling Price?

Given

Cost price of Toy = Rs 1200

Profit or Gain = 20%

Selling price =[ ( 100 + Gain % ) / 100] * C.P

= (100 + 20 ) / 100 * 1200

= 120 / 100 * 1200

= 120 * 12

= 1440

Selling Price = Rs 1440.

• Question:The Marked Price Of A Radio Is 20% More Than Its Cost Price. If A Discount Of 10% Is Given On The Marked Price, Find The Gain Percent?

Solution is

Given

Let the Cost price = 100 Rs

Marked price = 20 % more than the cost price

= 20 % of C.P + C.P

= ( ( 20 / 100 ) * 100 ) + 100

Marked price = 120 Rs

Discount = 10 % of marked price

= ( 10 / 100 ) * 120

= 12 Rs

Selling price = Marked price – Discount

= 120 – 12

= 108 Rs

Gain = ( Selling Price – Cost price)

= 108 – 100

= 8

%Gain = ( Gain * 100 / CP)

= (8 *100)/100

= 8%.

Gain percent = 8 %.

• Question:Peter Bought A Laptop For Rs. 24,700, Which He Later Sold To John For Rs. 26000. Find The Profit Percentage?

S.P = 26000 and C.P = 24700.

Profit = S.P – C.P = 26000 – 24700 = 1300

Profit percentage = (Profit /C.P) x 100 = (1300/26000) x 100 = 100 / 20 = 5 %.

• Question:A Person Bought A Cycle For Rs. 1200 And Paid Some Extra 300 Rs For Its Repair Works. He Sold The Cycle For Rs. 1600. Find The Amount Of Profit Or Loss?

Given

Cost price C.P = 1200 Rs,

Effective cost price = 1200 + 300 = 1500

Selling price = Rs. 1600

Since S.P > EffectiveC.P, there is some amount of profit

Profit = S.P – C.P

= 1600 – 1500

= 100 Rs.

• Question:A Shopkeeper Buys Bananas At 12 For Rs 9 And Sells At 9 For Rs.12. Find His Gain Or Loss Percent?

L.C.M of 9 and 12 = 36

Given, C.P of 12 bananas = 9 Rs.

=> C.P of 36 bananas = 27 Rs.

Given, S.P of 9 bananas = 12 Rs

=> S.P of 36 bananas = 48 Rs.

Since S.P > C.P, there must be some profit,

Profit = S.P – C.P

= 48 – 27 = 21

Profit percentage = (profit / C.P) x 100

= (21 / 27) x 100

= 700 / 9

= 77.78%.

• Question:The Selling Price Of 10 Articles Is The Same As The Cost Price Of 12 Articles, Find Gain Percent?

Let the cost price of each article be Rs k

We have, S.P of 10 articles = C.P of 12 articles = 12k

We know that C.P of 10 articles = 10 k

Gain on the purchase of articles = 12 k â€“ 10k = 2k

Profit percentage = (profit/C.P) x 100 = (2k/10k) x 100 = 20%.

• Question:A Table Is Bought For Rs. 1500 And Sold At A Loss Of 30 %. Find Its Selling Price?

Solution is

Given

Cost price = Rs.1500

Loss % = 30 %

Selling price = [ ( 100 – Loss % ) / 100 ] * C.P

= [ ( 100 – 30 ) / 100 ] * 1500

= [ 70 / 100 ] * 1500

= 70 * 15

= 1050.

• Question:The Marked Price Of A Radio Is 30% More Than Its Cost Price. If A Discount Of 10% Is Given On The Marked Price, Find The Gain Percent?

Solution is

Given

Let Cost Price = 100 Rs

Marked price = 30 % more than Cost Price

= 30 % of C.P + C.P

= ( ( 30 / 100 ) x 100 ) + 100

= 30 + 100

= 130 Rs

Given Discount = 10 % of marked price

= ( 10 / 100 ) x 130

= 13 Rs

Selling Price = Marked Price – Discount

= 130 – 13

=117.

• Question:A Shopkeeper Makes A Profit Of 15% By Selling A Book For Rs.230. What Is The Actual Profit Of The Book In Rupees?

Let the C.P = k Rs.

Profit = 15 % on C.P => profit = 15k/100

S.P = C.P + profit = k + 15k/100 = 115k/100

=> 115k/100 = 230 => k =230 x (100/115) = 200Rs.

Profit = 15 % on 200 Rs = 30 Rs.

• Question:A Man Sells His Scooter For Rs. 16500 Making A Profit Of 10%. How Much Did The Scooter Cost Him?

Let the cost price be k Rs.

Profit percentage = 10%, profit = (10/100) x k = k/10

S.P = C.P + Profit = k + (k/10) = 11k/10

11k/10 = 16500 => k = 16500 x (10/11) = 15000.

• Question:A Shopkeeper Buys Bananas At 10 For Rs 8 And Sells At 8 For Rs. 10. Find His Gain Or Loss Percent?

L.C.M of 8 and 10 = 40

C.P of 10 bananas = 8 Rs => C.P of 40 bananas = 32 Rs.

S.P of 8 bananas = 10 Rs. => S.P of 40 bananas = 50 Rs.

A person buys 40 bananas for 32 Rs. and sells it for 50 Rs, it is clear that he made profit of 18 Rs.

Profit percentage = (profit/C.P) x 100 = 18/32 x 100 = 56.25%.

• Question:Mr. Y Bought Apples At Rs. 5 A Dozen. He Had To Sell Them At A Loss Of 4%. Find The Selling Price Of One Apple (in Paisa)?

We have C.P of one dozen apple = Rs. 5,

Loss percent = 4 %

Loss = (4/100) x 5

= 1/5 Rs

S.P = C.P – Loss

= (5 – 1 / 5)

= 24 /5 Rs.

Thus S.P of one dozen apple = Rs. 24/5

S.P of one apple = (24 / 5) x (1/12)

= 2/5 Rs

= (2/5) * 100 paisa

= 40 paisa.

• Question:The Labelled Price Of A Product Is Rs. 750. If It Is Sold At 20% Discount And The Dealer Earns 25% Profit, Find Its Cost Price?

Given , Labelled price = Rs. 750

Discount = 20 % of labelled price

= ( 20 / 100 ) x 750

= 2 x 75

Discount = 150

Selling Price = Labelled Price – Discount

= 750 – 150

= Rs. 600

Given , profit = 25 %

Cost Price = [100/ (100 + Gain%)] * Selling Price

= [ 100 / ( 100 + 25 ) ] * 600

= ( 100 / 125 ) * 600

= 480 Rs.

• Question:A Man Purchased An Article At 3/4 Th Of The List Price And Sold At Half More Than The List Price. What Was His Gain Per Cent?

Let the List price of the article = Rs. 100

Given, Cost price(C.P) =3/4 th of the list price

= (3/4) * 100

= 75 Rs.

Given, Selling price =half more than the list price

= 1/2 of list price + list price

= (1/2) * 100 + 100

= 50 + 100

= 150 Rs.

Gain % = {(S.P – C.P) / C.P} * 100%

= {(150 – 75) / 75} * 100%

= (75/ 75) * 100%

= 100%

Thus,Gain % = 100%.

• Question:If I Purchased 11 Books For Rs. 10 And Sold All The Books At The Rate Of 10 Books For 11, Find My Profit Percentage?

If C.P = 10 Rs. then S.P = (11/10 x 11) = 12.1 Rs

Gain = 12.1 – 10 Rs = 2.1 Rs

Gain % = profit/C.P x 100 = 2.1 / 10 x 100 = 21 %.

• Question:The Wooden Toy Is Bought For Rs. 1600 And Sold At Rs. 1920. Find The Profit Percent?

Cost Price = Rs. 1600

Selling Price = Rs. 1920

Profit = Rs. 320

Profit Percentage = (Profit / C.P) x 100

Profit Percentage = (320/1600) x 100

= 320 / 16

= 20%

Profit Percentage = 20 %.

• Question:Rajni Purchased A Mobile Phone And A Refrigerator For Rs. 12000 And Rs. 10000 Respectively. She Sold The First At A Loss Of 12% And The Second At A Profit Of 8%.what Is Her Overall Profit/loss?

Total price = 12000 + 10000 = 22000

Total Cost price = Rs 22000

SP of mobile phone

=> 88 % of CP

= (88/100) x 12000

= 0.88 x 12000

= 10560

SP of refrigerator

= 108% of CP

= (108/100) x 10000

= 1.08 x 10000

= 10800

Total SP = 10560 + 10800

= 21360

Loss = (C.P.) – (S.P.)

Loss = 22000 – 21360

= 640.

• Question:A Man Sold A Horse At A Loss Of 7%. Had He Been Able To Sell It At A Gain Of 9%, It Would Have Fetched Rs. 64 More Than It Did. What Was His Cost Price?

In the given problem, let C.P denote the cost price, then

(100+9)% of CP – (100-7) % of C.P = Rs. 64

=>(109)% of CP – (93) % of C.P = Rs. 64

=>16 % of CP = 64

=> CP = 64 x 100 / 16 = 400.

• Question:The Chair Is Bought For Rs. 1900 And Sold At Rs. 2565. Find The Profit Percent?

Solution is

Cost Price = Rs. 1900

Selling Price = Rs. 2565

profit = selling price – cost price

Profit = Rs. 665

Profit Percentage = (Profit / C.P) x 100%

Profit Percentage = ( 665 / 1900 ) x 100

Profit Percentage = 35 %.

• Question:Mr. X Bought An Article For Rs. 1215 And Spent Rs. 35 On Its Transportation. At What Price Should He Sell The Article To Have A Gain Of 16%?

Effective cost price = Rs. 1215 + Rs. 35 = 1250

He needs 16% profit on the cost price. Profit = (16/100) x 1250 = 200

S.P = C.P + Gain = 1250 + 200 = 1450.

• Question:A Dishonest Dealer Professes To Sell His Goods At Cost Price, But He Uses A Weight Of 960 Gm For The Kg Weight. Find His Gain Percent?

Cost of the goods be 1 Re per kg.

He sells for Re 1 what cost to him is Rs. 0.96

Gain = 1 â€“ 0.96 = 0.04

Gain percentage = (0.04/0.96) x 100 = 25/6 %.

• Question:If A And B Are Positive Integers, And X=2×3×7×a , And Y=2×2×8×b , And The Values Of Both X And Y Lie Between 120 And 130 (not Including The Two), Then A–b=?

We are given that x=2×3×7×a=42a and y=2×2×8×b=32b

We are given that the values of both x and y lie between 120 and 130 (not including the two).

The only multiple of 42 in this range is 42×3=126.

Hence, x=126 and a=3.

The only multiple of 32 in this range is 32×4=128.

Hence, y=128 and b=4.

Hence, a-b=3-4= -1.

• Question:An Article Was Bought For Rs. 3000 And It Should Be Sold At A Profit Of Rs. 300, What Should Be The Selling Price Of That Article?

Cost price = 3000, Profit = Rs. 300

We know that

Profit = S.P – C.P

=> S.P = Profit + C.P

= 300 + 3000

= 3300.

• Question:A Watch Is Bought For Rs. 1600 And Sold At A Loss Of 20 %. Find Its Selling Price?

Given

Cost price = Rs. 1600

Loss % = 20 %

Selling price = [ (100 – Loss %) / 100 ] * C.P

= [ (100 – 20) / 100 ] * 1600

= [ 80 / 100 ] * 1600

= 80 * 16

= 1280.

• Question:Vijay Sells An Article At A Profit Of 20%. If That Article Was Bought For Rs.1500, Then Find The Selling Price?

C.P = Rs. 1500 and Profit = 20%

=> profit = (20/100) x 1500 = 300

S.P = C.P + profit

= 1500 + 300

= 1800.

• Question:A Notebook Is Bought For Rs. 1100 And Sold At Profit Of 5 %. Find Its Selling Price?

Given

Cost price = Rs. 1100 Profit % = 5 %

Selling price = ( 100 + Gain % ) / 100 X CP

= (100 + 5) / (100) x 1100

= 105 / 100 x 1100

= 105 x 11

= 1155

Selling price = Rs 1155.