70+ TOP ColdFusion Interview Questions and Answers [UPDATED]

Read Adobe ColdFusion INTERVIEW QUESTIONS and ANSWERS for experienced freshers PDF download. 70+ Most asked interview questions and answers on ColdFusion read now.

List of Adobe ColdFusion Interview Questions and Answers PDF:-

  • Question: What Is Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    In computing, ColdFusion is the name of a commercial rapid application development platform invented by Jeremy and JJ Allaire in 1995. (The programming language used with that platform is also commonly called ColdFusion, though is more accurately known as CFML.) ColdFusion was originally designed to make it easier to connect simple HTML pages to a database, by version 2 (1996) it had become a full platform that included an IDE in addition to a “full” scripting language.

    As of 2010, versions of ColdFusion (purchased by Adobe Systems in 2005) include advanced features for enterprise integration and development of rich Internet applications.

  • Question: What Is Cfapplication Tag?

    Answer :

    It defines the scope of a ColdFusion application; enables and disables storage of Client variables; specifies the Client variable storage mechanism; enables Session variables; and sets Application variable time­outs.

  • Question: Difference Between Cold Fusion 5 And Cold Fusion Mx 6?

    Answer :

    All versions of ColdFusion prior to 6.0 were written using Microsoft Visual C++. CF MX 6.0 move to the Java­ based architecture. Major things introduced in CFMX (MX ­ Matrix, Code name is NEO ­ hero of Matrix).

    I pointed out some of them below:

    • Mac,Linux OS support
    • Flash Remoting ability to code and debug Flash 
    • API was released with an OOP
    • Added Verity Searches
  • Question: What Meaning Has A Coldfusion Component?

    Answer :

    Coldfusion component is a basic construction block for making structured, teared or scalable applications, it is made to process black boxes, for transactions and back­end integration.

  • Question: What Is Wddx? Where All Are Applicable?

    Answer :

    For XML to work, both sender and recipient must agree on an XML language, and all data must be well formed according to that language. WDDX is Macromedia’s contribution to the XML community. It is an open­source XML DTD (Document Type Definition) that defines generic data types such as strings, arrays, structures, and recordsets. WDDX is an XML language that defines data not any specific implementation, but raw data itself. This can make data sharing via XML quick and painless (it doesn’t require that an XML language be agreed upon).

  • Question: What Is The Difference Between Client And Session Variables?

    Answer :

    Session variables can be used to dump complex data structures like arrays and structures.But client variable are used only in case of simple variables.

  • Question: What Is Web Server?

    Answer :

    A computer that delivers (serves up) Web pages. Every Web server has an IP address and possibly a domain name. For example, if you enter the URL http://www.domainname.com/index.html in your browser, this sends a request to the server whose domain name is domainname.com. The server then fetches the page named index.html and sends it to your browser. Any computer can be turned into a Web server by installing server software and connecting the machine to the Internet. There are many Web server software applications, including public domain software from NCSA and Apache, and commercial packages from Microsoft, Netscape and others.

  • Question: What Is Application.cfm?

    Answer :

    When ColdFusion receives a request for an application page, it searches the page’s directory for a file named Application.cfm. If one exists, the Application.cfm code is logically included at the beginning of that application page. If your application runs on a UNIX platform, which is casesensitive, you must spell Application.cfm with an initial capital letter.

  • Question: How Can You Invoke Cfc?

    Answer :

    Method 1:

    <cfinvoke>
    <cfinvoke component=”user” method=”Get”
    returnvariable=”usr”>
    <cfinvokeargument name=”id” value=”#id#”>
    </cfinvoke>

    Method 2:

    <!­­­ Load CFC as an object ­­­>
    <cfobject component=”user” name=”userObj”>
    <!­­­ Invoke method ­­­>
    <cfinvoke component=”#userObj#” method=”Get” id=”#id#”
    returnvariable=”usr”>
    Method 3:

    <cfscript>
    // Load CFC as an object
    userObj=CreateObject(“component”,”user”);

    // Invoke method

    user_id=userObj.Get(id);
    </cfscript>

    Method 4: URL Invocation : CFCs can also be invoked on the command line directly; every CFC has a URL that points to it. When invoking CFCs via URLs, the method and any arguments are passed as URL parameters, as seen here:

    http://localhost/users/user.cfc?method=get&id=1

  • Question: How To You Debug A Coldfusion Program?

    Answer :

    Coldfusion provides us many debugging options in order to trouble shoot a coldfusion program.

    The important are:
    CFDUMP, eg: <cfdump var=”#abcd#”>
    CFABORT, eg: <cfabort>

    On the debugging settings in coldfusion administrator. (you will see the lengthy debugging information at the bottom of the coldfusion result).

  • Question: How Can You Communicate With Web Server (apache Or Iis) From Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    Cold Fusion is an example of a Common Gateway Interface application. The Common Gateway Interface is a mechanism to allow Web servers, which are designed to serve static documents, to receive dynamic output from programs and serve it as if it were static data.

    1. When a browser sends a request for a Cold Fusion template to a Web server, several things must happen. First, the Web server recognizes the information from the browser as a request for CGI output. 
    2. If the request was initiated from a form, the server has to write the form field information to some area in storage that is accessible to other programs on the machine. Usually, this is done by using STDOUT data streams. The WinCGI interface, which can be used by WebSite and other servers, writes the form data to INI­style files on disk, which are then opened and read by the CGI application.
    3. The CGI program requests data from the data source, which is returned in step
    4. The CGI program formats the data as HTML output, returning this output to the server in step 
    5. The server receives this output, performs any further server­side processing necessary, and then sends it to the browser.

    Cold Fusion defaults to using server API modules instead of CGI to communicate between the Web Server and ColdFusion Application Server.

  • Question: Can We Have More Than Data Source Within Cftransaction?

    Answer :

    No.Datasource Names For All The Database Tags Within CFTRANSACTION Must Be The Same. The workaround for the problem of CFTRANSACTION with different data source, Use same datasource in CFQUERY but inside the cfquery prefix the table with desired database in the query.

    <CFTRANSACTION>
    <cfquery datasource=same>
    SELECT * FROM TableName
    </cfquery>
    <cfquery datasource=same>
    SELECT * FROM other.dbo.TableName
    </cfquery>
    </CFTRANSACTION>

  • Question: Can You Explain Get File & Put File ?

    Answer :

    (coldfusion FTP ­ <cfftp>) : By using coldfusion <cfftp> tag, we can send data from local computer to the server and also retrieve the data from server to the local computer. By using Get file, we can retrieve data from server:

    <cfftp
    action=”getFile”
    server=”127.0.0.1″
    username=”user1″
    password=”pass1″
    remotefile=”/abcd.jpeg”
    localfile=”C:examples/efgh.jpg”
    failIfExists=”no”>
    By usingPut file, we can send data to the server:

    <cfftp action=”putFile”
    server=”127.0.0.1″
    username=”user1″
    password=”pass1″
    localfile=”C:examples/efgh.jpg”
    remotefile=”/abcd.jpeg”
    failIfExists=”no”>

  • Question: How Do You Call A Module Named “testmod.cfm” With The Parameters Param1=”yes” And Param2=5?

    Answer :

    <cfmodule template=”testmod.cfm” 
    param1=”yes”
    param2=5>

  • Question: What Is Url Token?

    Answer :

    Combination of CFID and CFTOKEN is called as url token. If user disable the browser cookie, It is used to track a user’s browser session. 

  • Question: How Does The Application.cfm Work?

    Answer :

    When page directory of an application is not having an Application.cfm page, the Colfusion directory tree is being verified for the existence of an Application.cfm page; if there are more than one in multiple directories, the first found will be used. If the permission are set, Coldfusion will include Application.cfm anyway. For every request only one Application.cfm will be processed.

  • Question: What Is The Difference Between Absolute And Relative Div Positioning?

    Answer :

    Absolute is from the absolute 0,0 position in the top left corner of the browser window. Relative is relative from the positioning of where the div is declared within the html body.

  • Question: What Are The Advantages Of Coldfusion 9 Over Older Versions?

    Answer :

    ColdFusion 9.0 has many benefits over older versions and to name few they are:
    Coldfusion can be used as a service with out writing lines of code, we can get results by using:  CFChart, Cfdocument, CFImage, CFmail, CFPDF and cfpop etc. And also these services can be sandboxed in order to give more security. Adobe AIR database synchronization. New AJAX controls are added. Server manager is a new feature by which from one access point we can manage several admin tasks of various servers. Also ColdFusion 9 allows you to create coldfusion component as a portlet. 

  • Question: What Advantages Has Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    The advantages are much easier Installation and Migration, it is compatible with each operating system and database, it has simpler learning process and accelerated development, has permissions to each J2EE library and this part of Adobe family being compatible with Flash, Flex, PDF, etc. 

  • Question: What Are The Important Components Of Application.cfm Page?

    Answer :

    Name, clientStorage, LoginStorage, ClientManagement, ApplicationTimeout, SetclientCcookies, SessionTimeout etc.. 

  • Question: What Are The Main Features Of Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    ColdFusion has many benefits over other web languages. The very first thing we need to discuss is, ColdFusion is the first web languages that has been developed to build web application (dynamic). After ColdFusion, PHP, and Microsoft’s asp .net were in the market. PHP is free and so many small companies and individual entrepreneurs use it. So php is widely used compared to others because it is free. Microsoft’s asp .net is next to it for mid to big size organizations as it give good support and of course the brand name also does the magic. ColdFusion though it is the first language from the rest, because of lack of publicity and cost, it is still not widely used. But below are the main benefits of ColdFusion over others. It is very easy to install and very easy to migrate from older version to new version. It does support all operating systems. It is very easy to learn because of its self explanatory code/tags.

    Easy integration to other adobe products such as flex, adobe pdf, flash etc.. Good database support and works for all protocols.

  • Question: What Is The Meaning Of Onrequestend.cfm And When Is The Execution Made?

    Answer :

    The OnRequestEnd.cfm page is processed after every page in the application, in the same way like Application.cfm performing prior to the application page code. OnRequestEnd.cfm and Application.cfm pages have to exist in the same directory that is used by Coldfusion for the present page. Only that directory isbeing searched.

  • Question: Are We Able To Communicate From Coldfusion To An Apache Or Iis Server?

    Answer :

    Coldfusion is like a Common Gateway Interface Application. This means it works like a mechanism that enables dynamic output to be received by web servers. Usually web servers use static data and now the dynamic data will be seen as static.

    • when a request is transmitted by the browser to a web server for the purpose of getting a Coldfusion template the server will see the data sent by the browser as a CGI output request.
    • in the case in which forms are used to initiate requests the data from the form will be stored by the server in a place where other programs may find it.To do this we often use STDOUT data streams. The form information will be written to the INI type of files by the WinCGI interface, it will become available for the CGI application for reading.
    • the data is requested by the CGI program and returned in step.
    • the data is formatted by the CGI program and return in step.
    • the output is received by the server which makes the next server side processing that is required and then it is sent to the browser. Normally Coldfusion uses server API modules for server to server communication.
  • Question: Can We Have Multiple Application.cfm File In An Application?

    Answer :

    Yes. If the application page directory does not have an Application.cfm page, ColdFusion searches up the directory tree until it finds an Application.cfm page. If several directories in the directory tree have an Application.cfm page, ColdFusion uses the first page it finds. If the Application.cfm page is present in the directory tree (and has the required permissions set), you cannot prevent ColdFusion from including it. ColdFusion processes only one Application.cfm page for each request. If a ColdFusion page has a cfinclude tag pointing to an additional ColdFusion page, ColdFusion does not search for an Application.cfm page when it includes the additional page.

  • Question: How Can You Call The External Exe Files?

    Answer :

    using cfexecute tag, we can call the external exe files.Below example executes the Windows NT version of the netstat network monitoring program, and places its output in a file.

    <cfexecute name = “C:WinNTSystem32netstat.exe”
    arguments = “­e”
    outputFile = “C:Tempoutput.txt”
    timeout = “1”>
    </cfexecute>

  • Question: What Is Cftransaction?

    Answer :

    For enterprise database management systems that support transaction processing, instructs the database management system to treat multiple database operations as a single transaction. It provides database commit and rollback processing. See the documentation for your database management system to determine whether it supports SQL transaction processing.
    Syntax
    isolation = “read_uncommitted|read_committed|repeatable_read”
    savepoint = “savepoint name”>

  • Question: What Is The Meaning Of Application And Session Time Out And Where Are They Used?

    Answer :

    Application Time Out is the duration of the existence of an application, until it times out, if it is not accessed. Session Time Out is the duration of the existence protocols of a session until it times out, if it is not accessed.

  • Question: What Is An Application.cfm Page And Why It Is Used? Is It Mandatory? How Many Application.cfm Pages We Can Use In A Coldfusion Application?

    Answer :

    Application.cfm page will be used to define application level variables, for example instead of declaring dsn variable in every query you use, you can define the variable in application.cfm page once and can use that variable in every ColdFusion page you use queries to retrieve data from database. We can definitely use more than one application.cfm pages, however, only the first application.cfm page that the ColdFusion server finds, will be used. Application.cfm page is not mandatory.

  • Question: How Would You Format Some Text Using Css To Be Verdana And Bold?

    Answer :

    .myfontclass
    {
    font­family: Verdana;
    font­weight: bold;
    }

  • Question: What Is Createobject?

    Answer :

    • CreateObject() is a functional equivalent of the tag.
    • CreateObject() can be used to instantiate CFCs just like  can, but there is one notable difference: 
    • As a function,  CreateObject() can be used in a block (whereas  cannot).
  • Question: Compare Cold Fusion With Other Programming Languages?

    Answer :

    For every language has its pros and cons. Q5 is answer for this also, But I will point out one or 2 advantages of CF over other languages.

    • vs PHP : Ajax features, Integration with adobe products, community support, J2EE
    • vs Java : Easy to learn, Code developmet & maintence cost
    • vs .NET : All OS, Most of webserver Support
  • Question: What Is Query In Query?

    Answer :

    ColdFusion allows developers to reuse existing queries by running queries against them in memory. This gives you the advantage of being able to avoid the often costly performance hit of going back to the database to manipulate data that the application server has already recently called. A standard <cfquery> statement can be used to call a query variable in memory as though it were simply a table of data in an available data source. Query variables can even be joined, which provides interesting possibilities for joining data from disparate information sources.

  • Question: How Can You Connect With Database From Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    Database manipulation tags (cfquery, cfstoredproc, cfinsert, cfupdate) have an attribute called datasource which used to identify/connect to a database. Data sources can be defined in CF administrator section.

  • Question: How Can You Clear The Cache?

    Answer :

    To Flush cached queries <cfobjectcache action=”clear”>
    To Flush cached pages <cfcache action=”flush”>

  • Question: How Can You Create Tab Strip?

    Answer :

    Coldfusion introduced easy to use AJAX UI elements. cflayout and cflayoutarea tags used to create tab strips:

    <cflayout type=”tab”>
    <cflayoutarea title=”Tab 1″>
    I am normal tab content
    </cflayoutarea>
    <cflayoutarea title=”Tab 2″ selected=”true”>
    This tab selected at page load
    </cflayoutarea>
    <cflayoutarea title=”Tab 3″ disabled=”true”>
    you can’t see me, bcz I am in disabled tab
    </cflayoutarea>
    <cflayoutarea title=”Tab 4″ closable=”true”>
    U can kill 🙂 (close) me
    </cflayoutarea>
    </cflayout>

  • Question: How To Use Clientmanagement In Application.cfm Page? Give An example?

    Answer :

    ClientManagement can be enabled and disabled as and when we need depending upon the requirement. 

    • In the Application.cfc initialization code This.clientmanagement=”True” / “false”

              This.clientStorage=”[Ur_datasource_name]” / “registry” / “cookie”

    • In appliation.cfm using tag attributes clientManagement=”yes” / “no”

               clientStorage=”[Ur_datasource_name]” / “registry” / “cookie”

    [Ur_datasource_name] ­ Stored in ODBC or native data source.You must create storage repository in the Administrator. registry ­ Stored in the system registry.cookie ­ Stored on client computer in a cookie. Scalable. If client disables cookies in the browser, client variables do not work.

  • Question: How Would You Declare An Inline Css To Format The Table With A Background Color Of Yellow And Give The Table Cell A Right Margin Of 10 Pixels?

    Answer :

    <style>
    table
    {
    background­color: yellow;
    }
    td
    {
    margin: 0 10px 0 0;
    }
    </style>
    <table>
    <tr>
    <td>Hello world</td>
    </tr>
    </table>

  • Question: How To Upload A File Using Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    By using cffile tag, we can upload a file to the server.

    A typical cffile syntax is:

    <cffile action=”upload” 
    fileField=”fileUpload”
     destination=”C:docs”>

  • Question: How Would You Write A Left Join Statement To Return A Result Set Of Movie.title’s And Director.name’s?

    Answer :

    SELECT movie.title, director.name FROM movie LEFT JOIN director ON movie.id = director.movie_id .

  • Question: What Is Cfobject?

    Answer :

    CFC can be instantiated as an object, using the <cfobject> tag.

  • Question: What Is Query Of Queries? What Is The Use Of Query Of Queries?

    Answer :

    Coldfusion has a beautiful feature called Query of Queries which is mainly used for improving performance of the application. Query of Queries is the result of an existing database query result.This will be done by using coldfusion “cfquery” tag and need to
    specify dbtype = ‘query’.

    Eg:
    select *
    from NameOfAnotherQuery
    where ColumnName = ‘SomeValue’

  • Question: What Is Cfscheduler?

    Answer :

    It provides a programmatic interface to the ColdFusion scheduling engine. It can run a CFML page at scheduled intervals, with the option to write the page output to a static HTML page. This feature enables you to schedule pages that publish data, such as reports, without waiting while a database transaction is performed to populate the page.

  • Question: How Would You Write A Simple Stored Procedure In Tsql Which Takes A Movie_id And Returns All The Directors Associated With It?

    Answer :

    SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON 
    GO 
    SET ANSI_NULLS ON
    GO
    CREATE procedure [dbo].getDirector (
    @movie_id INT
    )
    SELECT name FROM directors WHERE movie_id = @movie_id
    SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
    GO
    SET ANSI_NULLS ON
    GO

  • Question: What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Using Stored Procedures Versus Calling Sql Inline In Cold Fusion?

    Answer :

    Stored procedures abstract database logic from server side code. They also offer performance benefits in pushing application logic to the database side. The disadvantage is that if they are poorly written then they can hinder database performance and make development a little more obfuscated.

  • Question: What Is Structure? What Are The Different Functions In Structure?

    Answer :

    ColdFusion structures consist of key­value pairs. Structures let you build a collection of related variables that are grouped under a single name. A structure’s key must be a string. The values associated with the key can be any valid ColdFusion value or object. It can be a string or integer, or a complex object such as an array or another structure. Because structures can contain any kind of data they provide a very powerful and flexible mechanism for representing complex data. check Structure functions here.

  • Question: What Is The Difference Between Structure And Array?

    Answer :

    In structure one can combine variables of different datatype in to a common data type Whereas arrays are sequentially stored values of the same datatype.

  • Question: Explain The Structure Of Cold Fusion?

    Answer :

    ColdFusion is implemented on the J2EE. J2EE is a standard, it is not a programming language. J2EE is an implementation of the Java programming language, but includes a number of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for connecting to databases, queuing messages, connecting to registries and naming and directory services. All of these APIs are used by coldfusion for many of its base services and other runtime services. 

    ColdFusion consists of following components:

    • cf script
    • CFML
    • ColdFusion Administrator
    • Verity Search Server
  • Question: What Are The Main Components Of Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    ColdFusion have the following main components:

    • ColdFusion admin
    • CFML (ColdFusion markup language)
    • CF script
    • Variety search
  • Question: Why Is Coldfusion Mx6 Different Than Coldfusion 5?

    Answer :

    The versions of Coldfusion older than 6 where developed with Microsoft Visual C++, version 6 is based on a Java type of construction. MX means Matrix, in this version the most important things implemented are: support for Linux and Mac, OOP, Verity Searches.

  • Question: How Error Handling Is Handled In Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    While debugging is mainly used to debug the code and to see run time values. Especially for trouble shooting. How ever, once the programs are in production server, we can not debug, but to avoide users seeing all the error messages when a program unexpectedly failed and throwing errors, we can use error handling methods. TRY and CATCH is the best among them to handle any database related errors.

    <cftry>
    Here is your actual code…of coldfusion….
    </cfcatch>

    Write your message to the user in case of any error.

    </cfcatch>
    </cftry>

  • Question: How Are Stored Procedures And Calling Sql Inline Different In Coldfusion Regarding Advantages And Disadvantages?

    Answer :

    Stored procedures give the best performance when it comes to putting application logic to the database side. They have the disadvantage of slowing down the performance and the development if their code is weak.

  • Question: What Are Session Timeout And Application Timeout? Where We Have To Do This Process?

    Answer :

    ApplicationTimeout : The time span an application will exist before it times out (if the application is not accessed in any way). This defaults to the value set in the ColdFusion administrator.
    SessionTimeout : The time span a session will exist before it times out (if the application is not access in any way by that session’s user). This defaults to the value set in the ColdFusion administrator.

  • Question: What Are The Advantages Of Cold Fusion?

    Answer :

    • Simplified Installation and Migration
    • All Operating System (OS) Support All Database support
    • Faster Development & Easy to Learn
    • Improved & support for all Protocols
    • access to all the J2EE libraries
    • Integration with Other adobe Products (Flex, Flash, PDF..)
  • Question: Difference Between Cold Fusion Mx 6 And Cold Fusion Mx 7?

    Answer :

    Windows authentication introduced thorough “cfntauthenticate” tag cfcompile utility introduced which used for Sourceless deployment 

    • Administrator API: Change ColdFusion settings programmatically, without logging into the CF Administrator.
    • Gateways: SMS, IM (based on Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol) gateways introduced 
    • Flash forms , Skinnable XML forms introduced 
    • New report builder introduced
  • Question: What Is The Main Difference Between Coldfusion 5.0 And Coldfusion mx6.0?

    Answer :

    New era started for ColdFusion from MX versions.. such as Mac, Linux support, Flash remoting new Variety search functionalityand code and debug of flash components.

  • Question: What Is Application Server?

    Answer :

    A server that exposes business logic to client applications through various protocols including HTTP, HTTPS, IIOS/SSL.

    Eg: Sun Java Application server, weblogic server It takes care of important issues like Transaction Management, Security, Database Connection Pooling, Clustering, Scalability,session management,load balancing,thread management and Messaging etc. A web server cannot provide these.

  • Question: What Is The Working Process For Application.cfm?

    Answer :

    Yes. If the application page directory does not have an Application.cfm page, ColdFusion searches up the directory tree until it finds an Application.cfm page. If several directories in the directory tree have an Application.cfm page, ColdFusion uses the first page it finds. If the Application.cfm page is present in the directory tree (and has the required permissions set), you cannot prevent ColdFusion from including it.

    ColdFusion processes only one Application.cfm page for each request. If a ColdFusion page has a cfinclude tag pointing to an additional ColdFusion page, ColdFusion does not search for an Application.cfm page when it includes the additional page.

  • Question: How Can You Set The Client Management?

    Answer :

    We can enable & disable client management as well as we can configure How & Where client variables need to be store

    • In the Application.cfc initialization code This.clientmanagement=”True” / “false”

    This.clientStorage=”[Ur_datasource_name]” / “registry” / “cookie” 

    • In appliation.cfm using tag attributes clientManagement=”yes” / “no”

    clientStorage=”[Ur_datasource_name]” / “registry” / “cookie”

    [Ur_datasource_name] ­ Stored in ODBC or native data source. You must create storage repository in the Administrator. registry ­ Stored in the system registry. cookie ­ Stored on client computer in a cookie. Scalable. If client disables cookies in the browser, client variables do not work.

  • Question: What Is Flash Form?

    Answer :

    Flash form is a form like ordinary HTML form, with flash format which run on flash player enabled browsers. Using cfform tag CF automatically generates the swf format form’s Flash binary from your CFML code. Flash Forms can be used to create a better forms experience for your users. These features include accordion­style and multiple­tab form panes and automatic element positioning. You can also display cftree, cfgrid, and cfcalendar form elements as Flash

  • Question: What Is Cookie Variables?

    Answer :

    Cookies are server specific simply stored variables stored in files in the browser’s file system. It used to track state

  • Question: What Is The Role Of A Cfchart Engine?

    Answer :

    CFCHART has over 200 various attributes, they can be modified and used for animation, colors and label control. The CFCHART engine can make graphs, sketches of charts that have great quality and are very useful in Business Analysis; very versatile presentations can also be made.

  • Question: What Is The Architecture Of Coldfusion?

    Answer :

    Presentation server (presentation layer), Application server, Web server and a database server. It has a J2ee web container that is the base of ColdFusion environment. And a ColdFusion runtime environment that will interprets the ColdFusion requests, and a database server.

  • Question: If There Are No Indexes Defined On Any Of The Columns In The Above Two Tables, Which Columns Would You Index To Speed Up The Left Join Query?

    Answer :

    movie_id.

  • ColdFusion Questions and Answers for Interview

    Preparing for ColdFusion job interview and whether you’re experienced or fresher & don’t know what kind of questions will be asked in ColdFusion interview, then go through the above 70+ Top Adobe ColdFusion Interview Questions and Answers to crack your job interview.

    30+ TOP Adobe Indesign Interview Questions and Answers [UPDATED]

    Read Adobe Indesign INTERVIEW QUESTIONS and ANSWERS for experienced freshers PDF download. 30+ Most asked interview questions and answers on Adobe Indesign read now.

    List of Adobe Indesign Interview Questions and Answers PDF:-

  • Question: When Exporting A Layout That Contains Movies Or Sounds As A Pdf, What Is The Oldest Version That You Choose?

    Answer :

    Acrobat 6 (PDF 1.5)

  • Question: Which Function Can The Color Palette Perform That The Swatches Palette Cannot?

    Answer :

    Mix a tint of a spot color function can color paletee perform that the swatches palette cannot.

  • Question: What Is The Purpose Of An Indl File?

    Answer :

    The purpose of INDL file allows for the organization of graphics, text, and pages you use most often.

  • Question: Which Of The Following Tools Cannot Be Used With The Perspective Grid Tool?

    Answer :

    Polar Grid Tool

  • Question: How Do You Select All Of The Text In A Block Of Text?

    Answer :

    Quintuple click anywhere in the text block.

  • Question: What Does The Convert Direction Point Tool Do?

    Answer :

    Convert Direction Point tool adds handles to an anchor point.

  • Question: Explain How Adobe Indesign Layers Can Be Helpful?

    Answer :

    By using Adobe InDesign layers, you can access the content or images of your content distinctively. For instance, if the document print slowly because you have a large document comprises of graphic images and content, then you can use layers options, which enables you to hide layer images and print the content layers and vice versa.

  • Question: Explain How Can You Type A Text In A Document?

    Answer :

    To type a text in a document, you have to first place the insertion point inside the text frame for that  :

    • Use the type tool “T”, then drag to make a new text frame or click on an existing text frame.
    • Double click inside an existing text frame using a selection tool. The type tool will get selected automatically.
  • Question: Explain How Can You Add Meta-data Caption To Graphics Frames?

    Answer :

    Based on the meta-data information stored in the original graphic files you can automatically generate captions for placed graphics.  To add the meta-data caption to graphic frames you follow the steps :

    • With the selection tool, Shift-click to choose the six graphic frames.
    • Tap on the Links panel and select caption -> Caption setup from the panel menu.
    • In the Caption Setup dialog window, set the following things.
    • In the text before column, type Photo By.
    • Select the Author from the Meta-data menu, leave the text after box blank.
    • Select Below Image in the Alignment column.
    • Select Photo Credit from the Paragraph Style column.
    • In the offset box enter p2.
    • Now, click OK to store the settings and close the Caption Setup window.
    • From the Links panel menu, select captions -> Generate Static Captions
  • Question: Explain How You Can Change The Image Display To A Low Resolution Or A High Resolution?

    Answer :

    To show an image to a high resolution or a low resolution, you have to change the display setting documents to, InDesign -> Preferences -> Display Performances.  In order to change the display quality for an individual image, you have to right click on the image and choose a display quality.

  • Question: How Could You Create A Drop Cap In Indesign So That It Updates If The Text Is Edited?

    Answer :

    We Can enter a value for number of lines in the Drop Cap field on the Control Panel.

  • Question: Explain How Can You Wrap Text Around A Graphic In Indesign?

    Answer :

    With InDesign, you can wrap text around the rectangular bounding box of any object, objects of any shape and imported images.  To wrap text around a graphic, you have to follow the following steps :

    • Step 1: Use the selection tool and select the graphic frame with the image of the Yield sign on the pasteboard. Ensure that you click only when the arrow pointer is displayed.
    • Step 2: Align the center point of the text frame which contains the article text with the center point of the frame. When two center point aligns a purple vertical line will appear
    • Step 3: Now, select Window -> Text Wrap. In the text wrap panel, choose wrap around bounding box to wrap the text around the bounding box and not around the Yield graphic’s shape.
    • Step 4: In the wrap options section, select both left and right sides from the wrap to menu if is not selected. In theContour Option section, select “Detect Edges” from the Type menu. To enter space between the text and the edge of the graphic enter the value into the Top Offset box, you want like 1p, 2p.
    • Step 5: Close the Text Wrap window and select File -> Save.
  • Question: What Does A Bevel Join Do?

    Answer :

     Creates squared corners that abut the endpoints.

  • Question: When You Import A Photoshop File Into Indesign

    Answer :

    You can control the visibility of layers and layer comps

  • Question: Explain How Can You Create An Index In Indesign?

    Answer :

    To create an index in InDesign test, you have to follow the below steps :

    • Go to window -> Type & Tables -> Index and choose select reference.
    • It will open a window “New Page Reference”, where you can enter the top level topics, you can highlight the word using the type tool you wish to add as an entry and choose “Create a new index entry”.
    • When dialog box appears, tap on OK and continue adding all other topics as required.
    • Once all topics are added each entry or topics will have an index marker.
    • You can also add references to each topic from the reference dialog box, and you can click up and down arrow to set their position.
    • Unusual characters, words or numbers can be removed by using Sort By panel by omitting or re-typing the problem word.
    • Continue the process until all the entries are added to the index.
    • Once this done, you can click on Generate Index, this will generate an index to your layout
  • Question: When Editing Text In Indesign, The Keyboard Shortcut Command-y Does What To The Table?

    Answer :

    Command-Y : Creates a new screen to edit and view the text in.

  • Question: Where Do You Use A Flush Space?

    Answer :

    Flush Space is used to specify special characters at the end of the paragraph.

  • Question: Quickest Way To Edit An Image From Indesign:

    Answer :

    Click Shift > on image, click Left > Adobe Photoshop

  • Question: Mention What Are The Tools Available In Adobe Indesign?

    Answer :

    Tools available in Adobe InDesign includes :

    • Select tools are used to pick page elements for editing or for reposition.
    • Drawing tools create shapes and text.
    • Transform tools are used to configure shape and size of page elements (rotate, scale, etc.).
    • View tools are used for page navigation.
    • Color picker tools are used for filling and stroke.
    • The Window View buttons show and hide the pasteboard.
  • Question: Word And Letter Spacing Can Be Customized In What Panel?

    Answer :

    Justification panel is used to customize word and letter spacing.

  • Question: If You Clicked ‘don’t Show Again’ On The Indesign Welcome Screen, How Can You Bring It Back?

    Answer :

    The following is the path :
    Help > Welcome Screen > Unclick ‘Don’t show again’.

  • Question: An Em Is A Unit Of Measurement Equal To:

    Answer :

    The currently specified point size.

  • Question: Explain How Can You Import Text Or Image In Adobe Indesign?

    Answer :

    You can import text or image in Adobe InDesign you have to go to File-> Place (or Ctrl+D) to import images or content from other applications.  You can import text from .txt, .doc, or .rtf file while for image you can use the format like .jpg, .gif , .png and .psd files.

  • Question: You Have Imported Several Illustrator Documents That Have Spot Colors Into Your Indesign Document. You Want To Export A Pdf Document That Contains Cmyk Colors Only. How Can You Convert These Colors Without Changing The Original Files In Illustrator?

    Answer :

    Choose Ink Manager from the Swatches panel menu.

  • Question: To Begin The Process Of Creating A New Gradient In Indesign…

    Answer :

    choose New Gradient Swatch… from the Swatches panel menu

  • Question: Explain What Is Adobe Indesign?

    Answer :

    Adobe InDesign is a desktop software designed by Adobe to create works such as brochures, magazines, newspapers, books, etc.

  • Question: A Cmyk Print Job Requires A Varnish Only On A Big Red Letter X Of A Particular Page. How Can This Be Accomplished?

    Answer :

    By copying the X, pasting it in place and assigning a spot color to it.

  • Question: How Do You Break Connected (flowed) Text Boxes?

    Answer :

    The following Path :
    window > utilities > scripts > application > javascript > run ‘splitstory’ with text boxes selected

  • Question: Which Option Will Not Be Allowed By The Separations Preview?

    Answer :

    The Overprint Adjustments option will not allowed by the separations preview.

  • Question: Explain In What All Ways You Can Add Text To The Document In Adobe Indesign?

    Answer :

    To add text to adobe InDesign test, you have following options :

    • By typing the text.
    • Pasting or placing text from a word processing document.
    • By drag and drop, if word processing application supports it.

    When you add text or paste text, you do not have to make a text frame first, InDesign creates it automatically.

  • Adobe Indesign Questions and Answers for Interview

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    20+ TOP Photoshop Interview Questions and Answers [UPDATED]

    Read Adobe Photoshop INTERVIEW QUESTIONS and ANSWERS for experienced freshers PDF download. 20+ Most asked interview questions and answers on Photoshop read now.

    List of Adobe Photoshop Interview Questions and Answers PDF:-

  • Question: What Is Adobe Photoshop?

    Answer :

    Adobe Photoshop is a professional image editing software package that can be used by experts and novices alike. While this handout offers some very basic tips on using the tools available in Photoshop, more comprehensive guidance can be accessed on the web or in the help menu of your version of Photoshop. The version used for this tutorial is Adobe Photoshop Cs.

  • Question: How To Unlock Background

    Answer :

    Click on IMAGE go to MODE and select GRAY SCALE (if the PDF or JPG is black / white), and go back to the LAYER and double click, that will unlocked, if do not, go back to IMAGE and select RGB color and double click, that would do it.

  • Question: What Is A Smart Object In Adobe Photoshop?

    Answer :

    Photoshop CS2 introduces a new type of layer called a Smart Object layer. Smart Objects are a little like symbols in Illustrator. Smart objects can consist of pixel-based content or vector-based content, like an Illustrator drawing placed in a Photoshop document. With smart objects, you can make multiple copies of a single object and all copies will be updated when one of the copies is edited but you can still apply layer styles and adjustment layers to the individual smart objects without affecting all copies, which provides for a lot of flexibility. Pixel-based smart objects also remember their original size and can be transformed multiple times without loss.

  • Question: What Is Gradients In Adobe Photoshop?

    Answer :

    Gradients are a great way to introduce flashy, eye-catching graphics in your pages.

  • Question: Explain About Stress Analysis?

    Answer :

    People working on these areas as a aerospace engineers should have familiarity and exposure to NASTRAN and MATLAB with knowledge on space environment and modeling of flexible dynamics. These aerospace engineers will be responsible to conduct stress analysis on metallic and composite structures. NASTRAN, IDEAD, Oracle and PATRAN proficiency level is required. Their duties also include on aircraft which are metallic and composite structures. This includes and understanding of control surface stiffness and loop calculations, finite element modeling (FEM), fatigue testing requirement and analysis.

  • Question: How To Achieve Black/white With Color Detail

    Answer :

    use the lasso tool to carefully select the elements that you want to retain as color – you may even want to feather the selection by a couple of pixels if it looks better. Once you have these selected, invert the selection so that everything except the eyes/lips are selected, then desaturated the layer.

  • Question: Explain About The Photoshop Work Area?

    Answer :

    The work area can be intimidating to work with because of all the complex functionality but with a quick breakdown of the available features and their uses, you will be ready to comfortably navigate the work area with ease. The work area in Photoshop has the following basic functionality and features:
    * Menu – Barthis is where you can access most of the commands and features in Photoshop
    * Drawing Palette – where the image being worked on will appear
    * Options bar – content sensitive display of tool options changes as different tools are selected display using Window> Options or Click a tool in the toolbox. Lasso options bar
    * Tool box – for creating an editing images (display or hide using Windows > Tools)
    * Palettes- to monitor and modify images (there are 5 palettes by default)
    * Palette Well- to organize palettes in work area Drag a palettes tab into the palette well to store it in the palette well Once in the palette well click on the palette tab to use it

  • Question: How Do You Select An Exact Color To Match?

    Answer :

    There are two ways of doing this: The easiest way is to use the eyedropper tool to sample the color as your foreground color – make sure the foreground color square is selected when you use the eyedropper tool – then use a brush, pencil or the paint bucket tool to cover the area. Alternatively, try using the Clone Stamp Tool. Alt+Click where you want to take the color from, and then hold down the mouse key to cover up the new area.

  • Question: How Do We Print The Grid In Adobe Photoshop?

    Answer :

    Put the non printing grid on how you want it, then take a screen capture (alt + PrintScreen on PC) Open a new file, the size should be set as the size of the grab, and paste. Crop away everything (the background of the photoshop window, etc.) except for the image with grid on it… and print.

  • Question: What Is Gradients?

    Answer :

    Gradients are a great way to introduce flashy, eye-catching graphics in your pages.
    Gradient tool is used to create a smooth blending between two or more colors.

  • Question: How Do You Create An Artistic Border?

    Answer :

    1. Open any image
    2. Make a selection using the rectangular Marquee Tool(M)
    3.  In your layer pallet add a layer mask
    4.  Then go to Filter>Brush Strokes>Sprayed Strokes and play with the stroke length etc. You can apply other styles too.

       

  • Question: For Photoshop Is Cs3 Really That Much Better Than Cs2 On An Intel Mac?

    Answer :

    On both the Photoshop CS works fine. But on Mac it seems to speed up faster. The startup is much faster than on windows but relative to the velocity of the CS2, it indeed is faster. So yes. photoshop cs3 is better at functioning on an intel mac rater than cs2, due to the faster startup

  • Question: What Is The Quickest Way To Achieve This?multiple Layers? Layer Masks?

    Answer :

    Open the color image you wish to modify. Select all and COPY the full image Now use Mode and reset the color to Gray scale, say “”Yes”” to removing all color. The image goes gray scale. Tweak or adjust the black and white until it suits you. Return to MODE and return the image to RGB Select the Move tool (Tap: “”V””) and then PASTE The original color will return to the file on a new layer.

  • Question: Can You Organize Layers As In Photoshop?

    Answer :

    Yes we can organize layers..
    For example you create a Ball in 1St layer and then in second layer you create the background. But you should lock all the layers and unlock the layer which u r working, because unlocked layers will be active always(active means, if u want to drage the ball, background layers also will be affected)

  • Question: Explain About Stress Analysis In Adobe Photoshop?

    Answer :

    People working on these areas as a aerospace engineers should have familiarity and exposure to NASTRAN and MATLAB with knowledge on space environment and modeling of flexible dynamics. These aerospace engineers will be responsible to conduct stress analysis on metallic and composite structures. NASTRAN, IDEAD, Oracle and PATRAN proficiency level is required. Their duties also include on aircraft which are metallic and composite structures. This includes and understanding of control surface stiffness and loop calculations, finite element modeling (FEM). fatigue testing requirement and analysis.

  • Question: How Do We Crop An Image In Photoshop?

    Answer :

    Cropping an image allows you to cut out any portion of the image you don’t like and/or make an image smaller. This document contains the steps performed to crop an image in each of the major image editors. To the right is a visual example of a large image, such as a image scanned into the computer being cropped to a smaller image.

  • Adobe Photoshop Questions and Answers for Interview

    Preparing for Photoshop job interview and whether you’re experienced or fresher & don’t know what kind of questions will be asked in Photoshop interview, then go through the above 20+ Top Adobe Photoshop Interview Questions and Answers to crack your job interview.

    60+ TOP After Effects Interview Questions and Answers [UPDATED]

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    List of Adobe After Effects Interview Questions and Answers PDF:-

  • Question: What Is The File Extension For Adobe After Effects Projects?

    Answer :

    The file extension for, Adobe After effects project is .aep.

  • Question: How You Can Unlock The Background In Photoshop?

    Answer :

    To unlock the background image, first click on the picture or image and then select MODE option.  After that, select the option GRAY SCALE and revert to LAYER. When you double click on the surface, the surface will be unlocked.

  • Question: How You Can Delete The Previous Time Frame From The Time Frame Panel?

    Answer :

    The time frame will be indicated with a yellow dot, by clicking on that yellow button and then pressing the delete button, you can delete the previous time frame.

  • Question: What Is The Difference Between Psb (photoshop Big) And Psd (photoshop Document)?

    Answer :

    They both are file formats to store digital images.  There is very less difference between PSB and PSD, what they differ is how they are stored and used.  PSD is a default extension for Photoshop files and it can support the file size of 30,000 by 30,000 pixels. While for creating big documents or large image .psb file format is used, and it can save an image size upto 300,000 by 300,000 pixels.

  • Question: Define What Is The Meaning Of A Path?

    Answer :

    A path can be defined as a collection of possibly disconnected, lines and areas describing the image. In simple words, it is a collection of curves and line segments arranged on the page. A path cannot be drawn by itself, but after it is specified it can be stroked (lines) or filled (places) making the proper marks.

  • Question: What Is Adobe Photoshop?

    Answer :

    It is software developed by Adobe to create and edit images and logos. By adobe photoshop adjustment and modification can be done.

  • Question: Explain How You Can Sync Edits For Multiple Images In Lightroom?

    Answer :

    Once you have edited the image and you want the same changes in other images as well you can use the function “Sync” at the bottom of the develop panel.

  • Question: What Is Graph Editor?

    Answer :

    Graph editor can help you to change the rotation speed and the degree of rotation. It is in the corner of the composition panel on the right hand side.

  • Question: What Are Lasso Tools And Name Them?

    Answer :

    With lasso tools precise area of an image can be selected, just by tracing the selection outlines the areas are selected.

    • Simple Lasso Tool
    • Polygonal Lasso Tool
    • Magnetic Lasso Tool
  • Question: How To Create An Artistic Border?

    Answer :

    To create an artistic border, you must select an image. After that, add a layer mask in a layer pallet then select filter-> brush strokes-> sprayed strokes.

  • Question: What Is The Function Of Key Frames In After Effects?

    Answer :

    The function of the key frames is to set parameters for audio, motion, visual effects and many other properties for any image or object by changing them over time.  After effects is mostly used for animation purpose, and by setting key frames and after effects properties, they can move the image as if they are a video.

  • Question: How Do You Organize Layers In Photoshop?

    Answer :

    A layers shows a picture or image. To organize layers in Photoshop, place various images in separate layers. Lock the unused layers and unlock the layers which are in use. When two or more layers need to be changed, unlock the layers.

  • Question: In Synchronize Setting What You Should Not Sync?

    Answer :

    While using “Sync” function you must not check the check box for “Brush” option in synchronize settings, as it may distort the image appearance. Even if the image is almost similar never check mark to this option.

  • Question: Explain How You Can Assign A Keywords In Lightroom?

    Answer :

    Lightroom provides the feature to assign keywords to your image.  In order to do that

    • Select the image you want to assign the keyword
    • Under the library option you will see keyword Panel
    • Inside the keyword panel you can enter the name you want to assign to selected photos
  • Question: How You Can Re-size The Image In Photoshop?

    Answer :

    To resize the image in Photoshop you have to go into menu bar, under menu bar you will find an option “Image Size”. On clicking that option, it will open a dialog box, by which you can adjust the size of the image.

  • Question: With The Help Of Spin Software How You Can Make 3d Sphere?

    Answer :

    To make 3D sphere, select blur from filter menu and click on radial blur.  Select spin option in the blur method section, you can increase or decrease the amount of spin by dragging the slider.

  • Question: What Is Healing Tool?

    Answer :

    Healing tool is used in Photoshop to hide the unwanted spots or pictures that appeared in your original picture and makes picture look like real without any changes.  The tool use complicated algorithm to calculate what would be the area of your picture based on the surrounding pixels.

  • Question: How To Create A Transparent Background In Photoshop?

    Answer :

    To create a transparent image you need to follows three steps:

    • First go to ‘Select’ option and select the background, and then click on ‘Inverse’. This will select your main picture.
    • Open a new file, select option ‘ Transparent’ under content, and you will have a file with transparent background.
    • Copy your main picture and paste it to new file you created.
  • Question: What Is The Different Axis You Can Rotate?

    Answer :

    There are three axis x, y and z that your picture can rotate and to select the axis, you have to click on the right side of one of the three boxes that resides right below the “Tool bar”. The “Tool bar” is between the “Source Name” bar and “Parent” bar in the composition panel.

  • Question: Explain What Is Photoshop Lightroom?

    Answer :

    Photoshop light room is a software designed for photographer to make post-processing work easy after photography.

    Key features in Light room  are

    • PNG Support
    • Full Screen Mode
    • User Configurable Grid Overlays
    • Windows HiDPI Support
  • Question: What Is Clone Tool?

    Answer :

    Clone tool uses the current brush to repair the problem areas in photos and pictures, by painting over them with pixel data from other areas.

  • Question: Where You Will Find The Back-up In Light Room?

    Answer :

    When you install lightroom, the program makes a folder “Lightroom”.  This folder contains

    • lightroom catalog
    • Files related to the catalog
    • A folder named Backups for Lightroom backups
  • Question: Explain How You Can Create The Hdr Effects In Lightroom?

    Answer :

    In order to give an HDR effect to photo in light room,

    • You have to open the develop module of Lightroom
    • First step is to choose tone base
    • The tone base will hightlight various settings like shadows, whites and blacks, constrast, clarity, saturation etc. It will set the foundation for the faux HDR effect
  • Question: In Adobe Photoshop How You Can Print The Grid?

    Answer :

    First of all you have to place the non-printing grid in a manner you want the print, and then take a screen shot.  Now, you have to open a new file and paste your screen shot image on it. Once done, you can crop the background of the Photoshop window except the image with the grid. The image is ready for print.

  • Question: Explain Why Filename Template Is Important In Light Room?

    Answer :

    File name template is important in light room because with the file name template you can save lot of information about the image like meta-data of that image, equipment, date, equipment etc. Apart from that, you can also include a custom text field.

  • Question: What Is Motion Sketch?

    Answer :

    Motion sketch is a path you want your object and picture to drop or move.  For motion sketch, click on the window tab in menu bar and select Motion Sketch option from the window bar.  Now you can draw the path and make your image move accordingly.

  • Question: What Is A Gaussian Blur?

    Answer :

    Gaussian blur is a tool that blurs the edges of the image to make it more real and adaptive to the surrounding. Often it is believed that Gaussian blur can only blurs the image, but if it is used cleverly it will not blurs the image but enhance the appearance.

  • Question: What Is The Key That Will Help You To Know, How Much Area Will Cut Out From The Footage?

    Answer :

    While you are on the composition panel, by pressing apostrophe (!) key will show you the area that will cut out from the footage.

  • Question: Explain How You Can Create A Grainy Matte Effect In Lightroom?

    Answer :

    To create a Grainy matte effect in lightroom , you have to

    • Go to “basic” section of the develop module
    • Make changes like shadows, clarity or saturation if it requires
    • Now go to the “split toning” section in the develop module and make the adjustment to Hue, saturation, balance, hightlight etc.
    • And at the last we have to add grain, you can adjust the option like Amount, Size and Roughness
  • Question: With Filter Options In Library What All Things You Can Sort And Search In Lightroom?

    Answer :

    With the use of filter options you can sort and search various options like

    • File type ( JPG, DNG, RAW etc.)
    • Lens Model
    • Camera Model
    • Lens focal length
    • Aperture, ISO
    • Keywords
    • Flash state
    • Flag status
    • Virtual copies and many more
  • Question: How You Can Rotate Your Picture?

    Answer :

    In the composition panel, select rotation option by pressing ‘r’ on your keyboard. Now on the right hand side you will see numbers, which show how much degree you want to rotate the picture. You can rotate the picture by increasing and decreasing those numbers.

  • Question: How Do You Select An Exact Color To Match?

    Answer :

    To sample the color as foreground color, we use the eye-dropper tool.   Select the foreground color square, use the paint bucket tool or brush tool for covering the area. You can also use Clone Stamp Tool.  Now use the key Alt+ and click where you want the color from and hold down the mouse button to cover up the area.

  • Question: Explain How To Take Back-up Of Photographs In Light Room?

    Answer :

    To take the back up of your photograph you have to

    • Go to EditàCatalog setting (windows) or Light room à Catalog Setting (Mac)
    • Click the general tab
    • Look for the back-up section
    • Look for the back-up catalog menu and select every time lightroom exits
  • Question: How Can You Reduce Noise In An Image?

    Answer :

    Reduce noise option is helpful to reduce the color and luminance effect in the image. To reduce the noise in an image, you have to go in a menu bar, select a filter menu, and in that you will see an option for NOISE. Again, clicking on it, it will show other option including reducing noise.

  • Question: What Color Is Considered To Be Blown Out?

    Answer :

    Any colour whose number exceeds 240 in light room is considered as blown out color.

  • Question: How Can You Reach The Exact Spot Of The Footage?

    Answer :

    To get into the exact spot of footage, in the control panel below the composition screen there is a tab showing time. On double clicking the tab, it will open a window where you can adjust the time and you can reach to the exact spot of the footage.

  • Question: Explain How You Can Analyze The Color Tone In Light Room?

    Answer :

    On the top right hand corner of the library there you can see a histogram. This histogram gives you a fair idea about your image appearance whether it is blown out or suave.

  • Question: What Are Swatches Palettes?

    Answer :

    Photoshop provides two palettes for selecting color, a) Swatch Palettes  b) Color Palettes.  Some specific colors can be used without remembering the numeric color values. Also, colors can be extracted from an available image. Default swatches and custom swatches are also an additional option for the users.

  • Question: What Are The Photoshop’s Work Areas?

    Answer :

    The Photoshop’s work area includes Application Bar, Option Bar, Panel Dock and Tools panel.

  • Question: How Does Red Eye Tool Works?

    Answer :

    Red eye tool is a type of a repairing tool. When you circle any problematic area with red eye tool, the Photoshop will automatically identity that area and will replace it by dark-gray pixels.

  • Question: What Is ‘ease In’ And ‘ease Out’ In After Effects?

    Answer :

    Slowing down the speed of your moving picture is known as ‘ease in’ while to bring it back to its original speed is known as ‘ease out’.

  • Question: What Tool You Can Use To Combine Images?

    Answer :

    You can use Auto-blend layers command to combine images. Auto-blend layers uses layer masks as needed to mask-out over underexposed areas.

  • Question: What Is The Function Of Blending Mode?

    Answer :

    When you press F4 , “Mode” option will appear in the composition panel. When you click on the mode option, it will come with a list of option like color, multiply, darker, hard light, overlay etc. By using this option you can not only change the appearance of image but also can blend or overlap two images on each other and make it appear as single image.

  • Question: Explain Where You Can Use File Name Templates?

    Answer :

    File name templates can be used whenever you choose to rename files.

  • Question: What Is A Mask In After Effects And What Is The Short Key To Select The Image?

    Answer :

    The mask is the technique by which you can select the specific area within the image or picture you want to modify while leaving the rest of the image steady, the short key to select image in mask is Ctrl+T.

  • Question: Can You Use Bamboo Tablet In Photoshop?

    Answer :

    Yes, you can use bamboo tablet in Photoshop.  After installing the bamboo tablet software, open the software. Once done, the next step is to configure the four hotkeys of Bamboo tablet with the help of the software available in tablet. Create a new document and open the Photoshop, you can now have Photoshop with a bamboo tablet.

  • Question: What Is The Function Of Scale? What Are The Control Keys In The Tool Bar?

    Answer :

    It makes your picture or object, grow or shrink. Once the picture is selected, you will see a scale menu in the composition panel. Click on the tab infront of the “scale” bar known as stop watch, and the picture is ready to grow or shrink.  To control the size of the picture, on the right hand side of the “Scale bar” you will see a number, increasing and decreasing those, number you can grow and shrink the size of the picture.

  • Question: In Photoshop, What Is A Smart Object?

    Answer :

    In Photoshop CS2 and above, it has a special layer known as Smart Object Layer.  Smart objects give freedom to work with multiple copies of a single object. All the multiple copies will be updated simultaneously when single object is updated. Also, changes in the adjustment of layers and layer styles of a single object can be done without affecting the multiple copies. Without any loss in pixel, pixel based objects can be changed several times.

  • Question: What Is The Function Of Split Layer?

    Answer :

    In edit bar, if you select split option you can split your video clip into two sections or layer. So, when you want to do animation separately for each layer or each video clip you have separated, you can do it by using split layer option.

  • Question: Explain How You Can Create A Diptych?

    Answer :

    To create a Diptych

    • Go to “Print” module under the main menu
    • Under layout style select Custom Package
    • Now under Rulers, Grids and Guides , check and uncheck the options as per your requirement like page grid, rulers, image cells, dimensions etc.
    • After that adjust other settings like file resolution, custom file dimensions, JPEG Quality
    • Now you can drag and drop the images on your film strip onto the blank page and arrange them
    • When done, choose print to file to export your diptych
  • Question: What Is A Bezier Curve?

    Answer :

    It is a mathematically defined curve used in two-dimensional graphic applications. It is defined by four points, the initial position, two middle point positions and a terminating position.

  • Question: Mention What Is The Shortcut To Email Photos Directly From Lightroom?

    Answer :

    To e-mail photos directly from the lightroom short cut is

    Press:  Command+Shift+M(MAC) / Control+shift+M ( displays the options to e-mail photos in lightroom)

  • Question: Explain What Is Postscript And Showpage Command?

    Answer :

    PostScript is a page description language developed by Adobe Systems. It is a language for printing documents on laser printer, but it can also be used to produce images on other types of devices.

    Showpage command transfers the contents of the current page to the current output device.

    The main function of showpage is

    • It executes the endpage procedure in the page device dictionary
    • Executes the function equivalent of an initgraphics operation, reinitializing the graphics state for the next page
    • In page device dictionary, it executes the beginpage
    • If the Boolean result returned by the EndPage process is true, transmits the contents of the page to the current output device and performs the equivalent of an erasepage operation, clearing the contents in preparation for the next page.
  • Question: Explain How You Can Import Photographs In Lightroom From Hard-drives?

    Answer :

    When you start lightroom, it automatically ready itself for immediate import as soon as you connect an external storage device to your computer. But it fails then you have to follow the steps below.

    • First select the source to import images file form
    • Second step includes selecting files which one you want to import
    • Once you select the files, you have to specify the method of import for example like Copy as DNG, Copy, Move , Add etc.
    • The last step is to choose the destination to copy files to, file handling options and meta-data setting. This step is little longer than other steps as it includes other steps like file handling, file re-naming, apply during import etc.
  • Question: Explain How You Can Fix Blown Out Colors In Light Room?

    Answer :

    To fix the blown out colors in light room, you have to go to local adjustment brush option in lightroom and you can adjust your color. Either you can reduce the effect of color or either you can balance the effect of color by increasing the proportion of the opposite color.

  • Question: What Is A Gradient In Adobe Photoshop?

    Answer :

    Gradients are a great way to introduce eye-catching and flashy graphics in your pages.

  • Question: How You Fix The Blurry Images In Photoshop?

    Answer :

    To fix the blurry images in Photoshop you can use sharpening tools. Sharpening the image will lose the pixels, make sure you are finished with everything else and saved the changes before you start sharpening the image.

  • Question: What Is Cti And What Is The Function Of Cti?

    Answer :

    CTI stands for Current Time Indicator, and it controls the time line of the footage in the composition panel. With the help of CTI you can move the footage backward or forward.

  • Question: Explain How Smart Collection In Lightroom Is Useful?

    Answer :

    Smart collection in light room is useful in

    • Finding specific file types
    • Smart collections to mark best images and can set up additional criteria
    • Smart collections for Aspect Ratio- which means you can see your image in different formats like landscape, portrait and square
  • Question: What Is Resizing Images And What Are The Parameters To Change The Size Of The Picture?

    Answer :

    To suit a particular purpose of the application resizing of the images is done.

    The parameters to change the size of image are:

    • Type of image or picture
    • Size of pixels
    • Background resolution
  • After Effects Questions and Answers for Interview

    Preparing for After Effects job interview and whether you’re experienced or fresher & don’t know what kind of questions will be asked in Adobe After Effects interview, then go through the above 60+ Top Adobe After Effects Interview Questions and Answers to crack your job interview.